Emerging organoid technologies have been used to model human organ development and diseases “in a dish”. Organoids are derived either from induced pluripotent or organ-restricted adult stem cells. These cells are self-renewing, self-organizing and able to grow into 3D structures resembling the architecture and physiology of the original biological specimens.
Over 190 million people have now been infected with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic with a total number of deaths passing 4.1 million worldwide. Multiple organs are affected by COVID-19, however, the lungs are the main site of disease.
In 1906 at the University of Munich the neuropathologist Dr. Alois Alzheimer was studying the brain of a recently deceased patient, Auguste Deter. Previously Alzheimer had assisted Frau Deter in the city asylum in Frankfurt and observed that she suffered from memory loss, delusions and dementia.
Prof. Li-Huei Tsai’s lab at MIT is focused on uncovering the cellular and circuit-level mechanisms that underlie Alzheimer’s disease, the devastating neurological disorder that degrades the brain’s learning and memory systems.