Principles of tissue clearing
Clearing enables deep-tissue imaging by rendering tissue transparent and reducing light scattering, while preserving spatial distribution of biomolecules and tissue components. Lipid membranes are a major cause of light scattering, limiting imaging depth. Hence, a common approach for tissue clearing is lipid removal followed by refractive index matching between the tissue and the immersion medium used for imaging. One way to extract lipids is by using detergents such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). However, passive diffusion of SDS is a time-consuming process, and can lead to severe loss of tissue integrity and biomolecular information when applied to formaldehyde-fixed tissues without additional protection (such as SHIELD or synthetic hydrogel).
How does active clearing with SmartClear work?
SmartClear is a batch processing tissue-clearing device, consisting of a dual-buffer and membrane system. While one container contains one type of buffer (A) to pump through the clearing chamber and hydrate the membranes, the other comprises another buffer (B) that is distributed across the electrodes on the other side of the membranes. The position of these membranes between the electrodes and the clearing chamber is critical to preventing the formation of black precipitates, caused by breakdown products from SDS action on tissues. The device also prevents other common complications, such as tissue browning and large bubble formation.
Start SmartClear tissue clearing in 5 minutes
There are two settings: beginner and expert mode. It is recommended to clear samples containing endogenous fluorescence at a lower temperature (42°C for buffer A) using the “gentle” setting in beginner mode, whereas samples without endogenous fluorescence can be cleared at higher temperatures (50°C for buffer A) using the “fast” setting in expert mode.
After clearing, samples can be stored in PBS + 0.02% sodium azide at 4°C until proceeding to either immunolabeling or index matching and imaging. Note that cleared SHIELD tissues appear slightly (10-15%) expanded due to the active lipid removal process, but shrink back to normal size and are optically transparent after index matching.
Why should I use SmartClear tissue clearing?
SmartClear tissue clearing is fast, reliable and cost-effective, allowing uniform and simultaneous clearing for multiple samples. Our nanoporous membranes prevent tissue contamination, browning, bubble formation, black precipitates, and tissue deformation. Both membranes and buffers are reusable and can be used for 10 days of continuous clearing and ensure maximum preservation of fluorescent protein signals. Uniform and reliable tissue clearing is critical for optimal antibody diffusion during immunolabeling and, most importantly, for high-quality light sheet imaging.
New to tissue clearing?
Clearing using the SmartClear device is an order of magnitude faster than passive clearing. However, we also offer the option of passive clearing using the Passive Clearing Kit, consisting of a SHIELD preservation kit, Passive Clearing Buffer, and EasyIndex. This is an easy way to adopt the tissue clearing technology without the use of specialized equipment, while achieving similar uniform, reliable, and robust results with maximum fluorescent protein signal preservation and tissue integrity (see Bharat et al., 2020; Bharat et al., 2021; Kwon et al., 2020).
LifeCanvas Technologies, founded by the inventor of CLARITY, strives to be at the forefront of new technological advances, driving research forward with novel reagents, products, and imaging solutions. The LifeCanvas Team consists of scientific experts who are here to help you with every step of your sample’s journey – from tissue preservation, clearing, and labeling, to imaging and analysis.