Neurons communicate not only via conventional neurotransmitters but also through neuropeptides. Whereas neurotransmitters often operate by changing the excitability of neighboring neurons, neuropeptides typically impact molecular pathways within target cells leading to diverse modulatory effects. Individual neurons can release both a conventional neurotransmitter and one...

Breathtaking progress in life sciences has brought us innovations such as high-throughput and individually-affordable genomic sequencing as well as next-generation flow cytometry that can phenotype dissociated cells for their expression of dozens of markers simultaneously. The development of cutting-edge technology solutions with standardized workflows has...

Histological analysis has classically been performed on thin tissue sections so that fine-scale features such as individual neuronal cell bodies and cellular processes can be resolved using light microscopy. This tissue-thickness limitation is due to two primary mechanisms: (#1) contamination of the focal plane by...